Basic Facts
    Land and People
    Allama Iqbal
    Sir Syed Ahmed Khan
    Liaquat Ali Khan
    Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar
    Maulana Shaukat Ali
    Chaudary Mohammed Ali
    Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar
    Ibrahim Ali Bogra
    Agha Khan
    Khawaj Nazimuddin
    Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
    General Pervez Musharraf
    General Zia -ul-Haq


General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq was born on August 12 1924 at Jalundhar. After receiving his early education from Government High School Simla, he did his B.A Honors from St. Stephen College, Delhi. He was commissioned in the British Army in 1943 and served in Burma, Malaya and Indonesia during the Second World War. When the war was over, he decided to join armored core. At the time of Independence, like most of the Muslims officers in the British Army, Zia-ul-Haq opted to join Pakistan Army. As a Major he got an opportunity to do a training course in the Commander and Staff College of United States of America in 1963-64. During the war of 1965, he acted as the Assistant Quarter Master of 101 Infantry Division, which was posted at Kiran sector. He remained posted at Jordon from 1967-70, where he trained military men of the country. He was appointed as Core Commander of Multan in 1975.

On April 1 1976, in a surprise move, the then Prime Minister of Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, appointed Zia-ul-Haq as the Chief of the Army Staff. It is interesting to note that five senior Generals were superseded. Bhutto probably wanted somebody as the head of the armed forces, who would not prove to be a threat for him and the best available option was the simple General, who apparently was interested only in offering prayers and playing golf. However, history proved Bhutto wrong, and Zia-ul-Haq proved to be much smarter than he looked. When the political unsuitability reached its climax due to the deadlock between Bhutto and the leadership of Pakistan National Alliance (PNA) on the issue of general elections, Zia-ul-Haq took advantage of the situation. On July 5, 1977, he carried out a bloodless coup overthrowing Bhutto’s government and enforced Marshal Law in the country.