Basic Facts
    Land and People


Offical Name Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Father of the Nation Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Head of the State General Pervez Musharraf
Chief Executive Head of Government General Pervez Musharraf
Capital Islamabad
Area 796,095 Sq. km.
Punjab: 205,344
Sindh: 140,914
North West Frontier Province: 74,521
Balochistan: 347,190
Federally Administered Tribal Areas: 27,220
Islamabad(Capital): 906
Population 135.28 million
Ethnic Composition 95% Muslims, 5% others
Per Capita Income US$ 460
Currency Pak Rupee

Cotton, textile goods, rice, leather items carpets, sports goods, fruits, handicrafts Sea Food (Fisheries)

Imports Industrial equipment, vehicles, iron ore, petroleum, edible oil
Languages Urdu (National language)
English (Official)
Literacy rate 38.9%
Government Parliamentary form

It consists of two Houses i.e., the Senate (Upper House) and the National Assembly (Lower House).
The Senate is a permanent legislative body and symbolises a process of continuity in the national affairs. It consists of 87 members. The four Provincial Assemblies, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Federal Capital form its electoral college.

The National Assembly has a total membership of 217 elected through adult suffrage (Muslim 207 and Minorities 10).

Pakistan National Flag

Dark green with a white vertical bar, a white crescent and a five-pointed star in the middle. The Flag symbolises Pakistan's profound commitment to Islam and Islamic world.

National Anthem Approved in June, 1954
Verses Composed by: Abdul Asar Hafeez Jullundhri
Tune Composed by: Ahmed G. Chagla
Duration: 80 seconds
State Emblem The State Emblem consists of:
1. The crescent and star which is symbol of Islam
2. The shield in the centre shows four major crops
3. Wreath surrounding the shield represents cultural heritage
4. Scroll contains Quaid's motto: Unity Faith, Discipline
National Flower Jasmine
Flora Pine, Oak, Poplar, Deodar, Maple, Mulberry

The Pheasant, Leopard, Deer, Ibex, Chinkara, Black buk, Neelgai, Markhor, Marcopolo sheep, Green turtles, River & Sea fish, Crocodile, Water Fowls

Popular Games Cricket, Hockey, Football
Tourist's Resorts

Murree, Quetta, Hunza, Ziarat, Swat, Kaghan, Chitral and Gilgit

Archaeological Sites Moenjo Daro, Harappa, Taxila, Kot Diji, Mehr Garh
Major Cities

Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, Multan, Sialkot and Faisalabad

Agriculture Major crops are cotton, wheat, rice and sugarcane
Total Cropped Area 22.14 million hectares

Textiles, cement, fertiliser, steel, sugar, electric goods, shipbuilding

Energy Major sources:
Oil, Coal, Hydel, Thermal, Nuclear and Liquid Petroleum Gas
Health Hospitals: 830
Beds: 86,921
Doctors(registered): 74,229
Dentists(registered): 2,938
Nurses(registered: 22,810
Education Primary schools: 150,963
Middle schools: 14,595
High schools: 9,808
Arts & science colleges: 798
Professional colleges: 161
Universities: 35 (10 in Private sector)
Transport & Communication Total length of roads: 228,206 km
Pakistan Railway network: 8,775 km
Railway stations: 781
Pakistan International Airlines: Covers 55 international and 38 domestic stations
Major Airports: 6 - Islamabad, Karachi, Lahore, Quetta, Peshawar and Gwadar
Seaport International : 2 - Karachi and Bin Qasim
Domestic: 3 - Minora, Gwadar and Pasni
Communications Post Offices: 13,419
Telephone connections: 2.47 million
Public Call Offices: 10,000
Telegraph offices: 427
Employment Total Labour force: 37.15 million
Agriculture sector: 47%
Manufacturing & Mining sector: 10.50%
Others: 42.50%
Media a. Print Media
Dailies: 424
Weeklies: 718
Fortnightlies: 107
Monthlies: 553

b. News Agencies
APP (official)
PPI & NNI (Pvt)

c. Electronic Media
Pakistan Television: Five TV centres at Islamabad, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta and Karachi covering 87% population
Registered TV sets: 2,823,800
Viewership: 115 million

Radio stations: Total 23, Home services in 20 languages. External services cover 70 countries in 15 languages

Private TV/Radio: Radio stations 3, TV transmitter channels 2, Private News Agencies 2


Central Bank: State Bank of Pakistan
Other Banks: National Bank of Pakistan, Habib Bank Ltd., Muslim Commercial Bank Ltd., Allied Bank of Pakistan Ltd., First Woman Bank, Mehran Bank and the Bank of Punjab

Specialised Banks: Agricultural Development Bank of Pakistan, Federal Bank for Co-operatives, Industrial Development Bank of Pakistan, The Punjab Provincial Co-operative Bank, Banker's Equity and National Development Finance Corporation

Famous Mountain Peaks K-2 (Mt. Godwin Austin): 28,250 ft./8611 m (2nd in World)
Nanga Parbat : 26,660 ft./8126 m (8th in World)
Gasherbrum-I: 26,470 ft./8068 m (11th in World)
Famous Mountain Passes The Khyber Pass
The Kurram Pass
The Tochi Pass
The Gomal Pass
The Bolan Pass
The Lowari Pass
The Khunjrab Pass
The Indus 2896 km
Jhelum 825 km
Chenab 1242 km
Ravi 901 km
Sutlej 1551 km
Beas (tributary of Sutlej) 398 km
Famous Glaciers  
Siachin 75 km
Batura 55 km
Baltoro 65 km
Deserts Thar: Sindh
Cholistan: Punjab
Thal: Punjab
Manchar Sindh
Keenjar Sindh
Hanna Balochinstan
Saif-ul-Maluk NWFP
Satpara Northern Areas
Kachura Northern Areas
Major Dams  
Mangla Dam Punjab
Tarbela Dam North West Frontier Province
Warsak Dam North West Frontier Province