Allama Iqbal, a great
poet-philosopher and an active political leader was
born in 1873, in Sialkot in the Punjab.
Dr. Mohammad Iqbal was the first to give a concrete
shape to the Muslim aspirations in India for a separate
homeland, and defined its geographical boundaries as
clearly and unambiguously as it could be possible.
He initiated his education
from traditional Mukatab. Subsiquently he joined the
Sialkot Mission School, from where he passed his matriculation
examination. In 1897, he obtained Bachelor of Arts Degree
from the Government College, Lahore.
In 1899 , he attained
his Master's Degree and was appointed in the Oriental
College, Lahore, as a lecturer in History, Philosophy
and English. Thereafter he decided to go to Europe
to continue his higher studies. Having obtained
a degree at Cambridge. He then, what he dreamt
of , secured his doctorate at Munich and finally
he was able to qualify as a barrister.
when he came back to India he preffered to write
poetry than teaching and practicing Law.
He resigned from
the Government service in 1911 and took to the
propagation of his individual thinking to the
Muslims through his poetry.
He was a profound
thinker who believed in dynamism, and throughout
his poetry he placed the greatest emphasis on
action, interpreting it as a movement.
Famous Kalam of Allama
hon Muslim Harrum ki pasbani kay leeyay
Neel ke Sahil say lay kar tab khakay kashghar
Fard Qaim Rabt-e-Millat say hay, tanha kuch nahi
Moj hay Darya may or bayroon-e-Darya Kuch nahi
Manfay-at aik hay is qaum ki nuqsaan bhi aik
Aik hay sab ka Nabi, Deen bhi eeman bhi aik
Harrum Pak bhi Allah bhi Quran bhi aik
Kuch bari baat thi hotay jo Musalman bhi Aik