Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was
born on January 5, 1928. He was the only son of Sir
Shah Nawaz Bhutto.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto attained
his initial education from Bombay's Cathedral High School.
In 1947, he joined University of Southern California
(USC), and later joined University of California at
Berkeley in June 1949. After securing his degree of
honors in political science at Berkeley in June 1950,
he was admitted to Oxford.
On September 8, 1951
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto got married with Nusrat Isphahani
. He was called to bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1953 and
in the same year his first child, Benazir Bhutto was
born on June 21.
After returning to Pakistan
Mr.Bhutto started practicing Law at Dingomal's. In 1958,
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto joined President Mirza's cabinet
as Commerce minister. After Ayub Khan took over, Bhutto
joined the cabinet as the youngest member. In 1963,
he took over as Foreign Minister from Muhammad Ali Bogra.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto launched
Pakistan People's Party (PPP) after leaving the cabinet
of Ayub Khan. In the general elections held in December
1970, PPP won a large majority in West Pakistan but,
failed to reach an agreement with Sheikh Mujib-ur-Rehman,
the majority winner from East Pakistan. Following the
1971 war and the separation of East Pakistan, Yahya
Khan resigned and Bhutto took over as President and
Chief Martial Law Administrator on December 20, 1971.
In early 1972, Bhutto
nationalized ten categories of major industries, and
withdrew Pakistan from Commonwealth of nations and SEATO
when Britain and other western countries recognized
the new state of Bangladesh. On March 1, he introduced
land reforms, and on July 2, 1972, signed Simla Agreement
with India which paved way for the return of occupied
lands and Pakistani POWs captured in East Pakistan in
the 1971 war.
After the National Assembly
passed the 1973 constitution, Bhutto was sworn-in as
the Prime Minister of the country.
On December 30,
1973, Bhutto laid the foundation of Pakistan's
first steel mill at Pipri, near Karachi. On January
1, 1974, Bhutto nationalized all banks. On February
22, 1974, the Second Islamic Summit was inaugurated
in Lahore. Heads of States of most of the thirty
eight Islamic countries attended.
Following a political
crisis in the country, Bhutto was imprisoned by
General Zia-ul-Haq who imposed Martial Law on
July 5, 1977.
On April 4, 1979,
the former Prime Minister was hanged, after the
Supreme Court upheld the death sentence passed
by the Lahore High Court. The High Court had given
him death sentence in the case of murder of the
father of a dissident PPP politician.
Zulfikar Ali Bhutto
was buried in his ancestral village, at Garhi
Khuda Baksh next to his father's grave.